They can be called a classic, but cult is a position much higher than that. Michel Gondry [128] This flattening of culture follows the popularity of post-structuralism, which rejects a hierarchy of artistic merit and equates exploitation and art. The constant use of profanity and drugs in otherwise mainstream, Hollywood films, such as The Big Lebowski, can alienate critics and audiences yet lead to a large cult following among more open-minded demographics not often associated with cult films, such as Wall Street bankers and professional soldiers. Seven of their choices below were pre-1970, and only two pre-1950. Political September 2015 [174] Although known for their big-budget blockbusters, Steven Spielberg and George Lucas have criticized the current Hollywood system of gambling everything on the opening weekend of these productions. Caught between the transgressive elements of her cult film and the mainstream appeal of soft-core pornography, she was unable to work in anything but exploitation films and Emmanuelle sequels. Call Number: Jones Media DVD #5800. Films that once would have been limited to obscure cult followings are now capable of breaking into the mainstream, and showings of cult films have proved to be a profitable business venture. [87]:445 Star Wars, with its large cult following in geek subculture, has been cited as both a cult blockbuster[100] and a cult film. Donald Liebenson of the Los Angeles Times cites the violence and sexual imagery as alienating critics, who did not know what to make of the film. What does CULT FILM mean? [23]:219–220, Mathijs and Sexton state that genre is an important part of cult films; cult films will often mix, mock, or exaggerate the tropes associated with traditional genres. In the era of classic Hollywood, few films had the opportunity to develop cult followings due to regular turnover at theaters and the lack of subsequent distribution on media like television or home video that would allow audiences to see movies … For example, in the Star Wars film series, mainstream criticism of Jar Jar Binks focused on racial stereotyping; although cult film fans will use that to bolster their arguments, he is rejected because he represents mainstream appeal and marketing. The term cult film itself was first used in the 1970s to describe the culture that surrounded underground films and midnight movies, though cult was in common use in film analysis for decades prior to that. Wishman's subject matter, though exploitative and transgressive, was always framed in terms of female empowerment and the feminine spectator. ... watching horror movie. Film critic Harry Allan Potamkin traces them back to 1910s France and the reception of Pearl White, William S. Hart, and Charlie Chaplin, which he described as "a dissent from the popular ritual". cult classic phrase. She was expected to recreate the transgressive elements of her cult films within the confines of mainstream cinema. [106] Similarly, Paul Verhoeven's Showgirls (1995) bombed in theaters but developed a cult following on video. The difficulty in defin… October 2017 Someone like George Romero, whose films are both transgressive and subversive, will have the transgressive aspects highlighted while the subversive aspects are ignored. [15] Although a mainstream epic, Star Wars has provided its fans with a spirituality and culture outside of the mainstream. December 2019 Top 100 Best Cult Classic Movies List. The most exploitative aspects of art films are thus played up and their academic recognition ignored. Women In Film [9] Increasing use of the term by mainstream publications has resulted in controversy, as cinephiles argue that the term has become meaningless[10] or "elastic, a catchall for anything slightly maverick or strange". Trailer Other cult films have since become well-respected or reassessed as classics; there is debate as to whether these popular and accepted films are still cult films. [77] Imports are sometimes censored to remove elements that would be controversial, such as references to Islamic spirituality in Indonesian cult films. [99] Blockbuster science fiction films that include philosophical subtexts, such as The Matrix, allow cult film fans to enjoy them on a higher level than the mainstream. Knowledgeable about feminism and multiculturalism, they seek a refuge from the academic acceptance of these progressive ideals. Hills identifies three different cult followings for The Lord of the Rings, each with their own fandom separate from the mainstream. [4] Some definitions exclude films that have been released by major studios or have big budgets,[5] that try specifically to become cult films,[6] or become accepted by mainstream audiences and critics. The Rocky Horror Picture Show might be one of the best known cult classics out there, but it's not the only great one. [188] Academic Joe Tompkins states that this auteurism is often highlighted when mainstream success occurs. Other cult films, such as Streets of Fire (1984), create a new fictional world based on nostalgic views of the past. May 2012. “Good Will Hunting” is by far my favorite movie because of the ways it has influenced my life, as well as how it relates to it. October 2014 [68] These transgressive films that straddle the line between art and horror may have overlapping cult followings, each with their own interpretation and reasons for appreciating it. [36][37] Foreign cinema can put a different spin on popular genres, such as Japanese horror, which was initially a cult favorite in America. [72] Consequently, the British Board of Film Classification banned many popular cult films due to issues of sex, violence, and incitement to crime. Eventually, his work would be reassessed and cult followings, which include Quentin Tarantino and Robert Rodriguez, developed around several of his films. Scifia50955b463 Hunter describes cult films as "New Hollywood in extremis" and a form of nostalgia for that period. Many members of its nostalgic cult following are too young to have been alive during those periods, which Emma Pett interprets as fondness for retro aesthetics, nostalgia for when they saw the film rather than when it was released, and looking to the past to find a better time period. This film holds some of the most quoted lines in movie history. Mathijs also identifies specific cult film viewing habits, such as viewing horror films on Halloween, sentimental melodrama on Christmas, and romantic films on Valentine's Day. February 2014 Several people defined cult films primarily in terms of their opposition to mainstream films and conformism, explicitly requiring a transgressive element, though others disputed the transgressive potential, given the demographic appeal to conventional moviegoers and mainstreaming of cult films. Although critics Pauline Kael and Arthur Knight argued against arbitrary divisions into high and low culture, American films settled into rigid genres; European art films continued to push the boundaries of simple definitions, and these exploitative art films and artistic exploitation films would go on to influence American cult films. October 2020 [43] Mathijs states that cult films broadcast on Christmas have a nostalgic factor. [83], Cult films can be used to help define or create groups as a form of subcultural capital; knowledge of cult films proves that one is "authentic" or "non-mainstream". Hollywood films, due to their nature, are more likely to attract this kind of attention, which leads to a mainstreaming effect of cult culture. Fickle fans on the Internet have latched on to unreleased films only to abandon them later on release. Some used hardcore pornography and horror, occasionally at the same time. Their rise as "instant cult classics" bypasses the years of obscurity that most cult films labor under. At the same time, other films have acquired massive, quick cult followings, owing to spreading virally through social media. The Ghost in the Shell films, for example, provided Japanese fans with enough bonus material and spinoffs that it encouraged cult tendencies. Romance films, like any genre, have their own following. [12] These inherent dichotomies can lead audiences to be split between ironic and earnest fans. Cult film is alive and well in the new century, which has so far seen a wealth of memorable midnight movies, eccentric oddities, sleeper stoner comedies, and other “out there” genre films. Newer fans may cite the film itself as their reason for attending a showing, but longtime fans often cite the community. November 2015 [173] Despite this, the Alamo Drafthouse has capitalized on cult films and the surrounding culture through inspiration drawn from Rocky Horror and retro promotional gimmickry. [20] Nosferatu (1922) was an unauthorized adaptation of Bram Stoker's Dracula. [47] Mary Woronov, known for her transgressive roles in cult films, eventually transitioned to mainstream films. Fandom can also be used as a process of legitimation. [94] Cult films can have such niche appeal that they are only popular within certain subcultures, such as Reefer Madness (1936)[95] and Hemp for Victory (1942)[96] among the stoner subculture. [29] For example, The Beastmaster (1982), despite its failure at the box office, became one of the most played movies on American cable television[30][31] and developed into a cult film. [129] Teodor Reljic of Malta Today states that cult B films are a realistic goal for Malta's burgeoning film industry. However, they reject cult films as having a single unifying feature; instead, they state that cult films are united in their "subcultural ideology" and opposition to mainstream tastes, itself a vague and undefinable term. [109] In francophone culture, "so bad it's good" films, known as nanars [Fr], have given rise to a subculture with dedicated websites such as Nanarland, film festivals and viewings in theaters, as well as various books analyzing the phenomenon. Fans will occasionally express frustration with dismissive critics and conventional analysis, which they believe marginalizes and misinterprets paracinema. [182] Although it was proclaimed a cult film and major game-changer before it was released,[183] it failed to win either mainstream audiences or maintain its cult following. They sell out their shows regularly and have acquired a cult following of their own. September 2019 9 Cult Classic Halloween Movies You Need To Watch. [124], Author Tomas Crowder-Taraborrelli describes midnight movies as a reaction against the political and cultural conservatism in America,[125]:27 and Joan Hawkins identifies the movement as running the gamut from anarchist to libertarian, united in their anti-establishment attitude and punk aesthetic. [147] Though they can be interpreted as racist, Mathijs and Mendik state that they also "exhibit a liberal attitude towards the breaking of cultural taboos". ", "The A.I.P. Cult films and directors may be celebrated for their transgressive content, daring, and independence, but Tompkins argues that mainstream recognition requires they be palatable to corporate interests who stand to gain much from the mainstreaming of cult film culture. [15] Cult film fans consider themselves collectors, rather than consumers, as they associate consumers with mainstream, Hollywood audiences. Audition CULT FILM meaning - CULT FILM definition - CULT FILM explanation. May 2019 Film Art What does cult classic mean? [15] Film critic Joe Bob Briggs began reviewing drive-in theater and cult films, though he faced much criticism as an early advocate of exploitation and cult films. [134] Genre films, B films that strictly adhere to genre limitations, can appeal to cult film fans: given their transgressive excesses, horror films are likely to become to cult films;[125]:33 films like Galaxy Quest (1999) highlight the importance of cult followings and fandom to science fiction;[135] and authentic martial arts skills in Hong Kong action films can drive them to become cult favorites. Irony or self-deprecating humor can also be used. [56] Audience participation itself can be transgressive, such as breaking long-standing taboos against talking during films and throwing things at the screen. In some cases, reclaimed or rediscovered films have acquired cult followings decades after their original release, occasionally for their camp value. Films are frequently stated to be an "instant cult classic" now, occasionally before they are released. It would go on to become a popular midnight movie and frequently bootlegged by fans, as licensing issues kept it from being released on video for many years. [11] Academic Mark Shiel has criticized the term itself as being a weak concept, reliant on subjectivity; different groups can interpret films in their own terms. October 2012 These "cult Movies" are also referenced as underground movies, or underground hits. Eventually, the rise of home video would marginalize midnight movies once again, after which many directors joined the burgeoning independent film scene or went back underground. [23]:202–203 Mathijs and Sexton state that although cult films are not synonymous with exploitation, as is occasionally assumed, this is a key component; they write that exploitation, which exists on the fringes of the mainstream and deals with taboo subjects, is well-suited for cult followings. [69] As late as the 1980s, critics still cited Pedro Almodóvar's anti-macho iconoclasm as a rebellion against fascist mores, as he grew from countercultural rebel to mainstream respectability. You can follow her on Twitter: RoseMooreWrites for tweets about comics, movies, and more. [15] This ambiguity leads critics of postmodernism to accuse cult films of being beyond criticism, as the emphasis is now on personal interpretation rather than critical analysis or metanarratives. 邪典电影 is short for 邪教經典电影 (cult classic films) Leonard Kastle, who directed The Honeymoon Killers (1969), never directed another film again. Most definitions also required a strong community aspect, such as obsessed fans or ritualistic behavior. Mainstream cinemas, eager to disassociate themselves from negative associations and increase profits, have begun abandoning midnight screenings. [17] This contradiction exists in many subcultures, especially those dependent on defining themselves in terms of opposition to the mainstream. cult hit", "The auto motive: Why cars drive cult movies", "Streamy Romance: Americans' Love Affair With B Movies Goes Digital", "Akira: the Future-Tokyo Story that Brought Anime West", "Producing Transnational Cult Media- Neon Genesis Evangelion and Ghost in the Shell in Circulation", "Animation's Bad Boy Returns, Unrepentant", "Animation Legend Ralph Bakshi Looks Back at His Cult Classic "Wizards, "Cult Favorite 'Heavy Metal' Once Again Making Noise", "Science Fiction Double Feature: Ideology in the Cult Film", "Buzz Podewell, 69, longtime director and acting teacher, dies", "Robot roll call!

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