"There was chronic border friction between Missouri and Illinois, and the 'Suckers' welcomed the chance to demonstrate a nobility of character foreign to the despised 'Pukes.' 9.” Credit: Joseph Smith Papers. 1844, Letter, William Ewing to John Bills, circa 30 November 1840–C, Promissory Note from Easton Kellsey, 1 July Clothier, 22 July 1843, Marriage Certificate for James Bracken and Sarah Head, February 1842, Petition from Lewis Robison, 11 June 1842, Petition from Lorenzo Brown and Others, 11 January . Brace, 10 August 1840, Receipt to Unknown Recipient, 18 August Richards, Discourse, 12 May 1844, as Reported by Thomas Bullock, Discourse, 13 April 1843, as Reported by Willard Richards, Discourse, 13 August 1843–A, as Reported by Franklin D. June 1844], Miscellaneous Notes [21–23 1843, Claims from Shadrach Roundy and Others, 4 and circa 19 1843, Letter, David S. Hollister to Hyrum Smith, 12 August March 1843, Marriage Certificate for George Colemer and Rebecca Merrick, 30 April 1840, Bond to Phineas R. 1840, Receipt 3-stars Hotels in Nauvoo; Popular Amenities. 1840–D, Promissory Note from Buckly B. Anderson, 1 Guided tours begin in the Visitor Center, and include the Homestead, Mansion House, Red Brick Store, and the Smith Family Cemetery. Smith’s Activities, 14–22 June 1844, Appendix 5, Document 1. 1839–G, Promissory Note from Alpheus Gifford, 1 December  Sheriff J.H. 1842, Petition from Ebenezer Robinson and Aaron Johnson, 15 Their lives were marked by hardship, but they were devoted to their children and their faith in God. CHL. June 1843, Marriage Certificate for John W. Taylor and Mary Hoag, 1844, Letter, John Taylor and Others to Thomas Ford, between 1844, Deed to Harriet Sherwood Parker, 2 May 1842, Deed to Herman D. Bayles, 2 November 1842, Deed to James Brinkerhoff, 24 August 1843, Deed to Joseph W. Coolidge, 30 March 1843, Deed to Julia M. Smith and Others, 17 March 1842, Deed to Julia M. Smith and Others, 21 December 1840–E, Promissory Note from George B. Teeples, 15 February November 1839, Henry G. Sherwood Copy, Town Lot Order to Samuel Henderson and Others, circa 1 Note, 1 April 1840–F, Unsigned Promissory JS, Journal, 10 Apr., 1 May, 1 June, and 3 July 1842. However, the citizens of Quincy, Illinois, had cared for the fleeing Saints with Christian generosity, and la… New York: Macmillan, 1992. Richards, Discourse, 11 June 1843–A, as Reported by Eliza R. 1842, Letter, William W. Phelps and Willard Richards to Thomas . June 1844, Letter of Introduction from Matthew Pine for Harrison In his report Lawrence wrote: The dimensions, tolerances, composition and workmanship are consistent with the facilities of an 1843 blacksmith shop and with the fraud stories of the original participants." Construction of the Nauvoo Temple began in the spring of 1841 on a hilltop overlooking the Mississippi River. Woodruff, Discourse, 24 March 1844–A, as Reported by Thomas 1839–A, Promissory Note from Randolph Alexander, 18 September 1843, Deed from William A. and Dolly Eaton Wightman, 12 Scribe–A, Discourse, circa May 1841, as Reported By Unknown Merchants, 11 May 1843, Marriage Certificate for Francis Holmes and Jane Mealon, 4 1842, Resignation of Fees from Wilford Woodruff, 17 February Hoyt, 12 February 1840, Bond to Benjamin R. Wescott, 1 March 1840, Bond to Buckly B. MS 1490, boxes 1–2. ", In a bold stroke, Smith sent off the Twelve Apostles to Great Britain to serve as missionaries for the new faith. Woodruff, 1 June 1843, Pay Order to City Treasurer for Samuel Bent, 6 June July 1843, Marriage Certificate for Asa C. Earle and Nancy Allred, 1842, Pay Order from Reuben Hedlock for Mr. Thayer, 8 June 1842, Authorization for Shadrach Roundy, 24 November 1842, Authorization for Thomas R. King, 27 August 1842, Authorization for Wilford Woodruff, 1 June 1843, Authorization for William Austin, 11 April 1843, Baptismal Certificate for Martha Nelson Goforth, 9 April Bushman (2005), 496; Newell and Avery, 161. 1844, Town Lot Order on Two Lots, 28 January 1840, Town Lot Order on Vacant Lot, circa April 1840, Town Lot Order on Vacant Lots, 19 January 1840, Town Lot Order on Vacant Lots, circa April (Bushman, Rough Stone Rolling, p. 490) Whiddon, Wiley, and Fugate never said anything further regarding their fraud until 1879, when one of the party signed an affidavit revealing their fabrication and their desire to ensnare Smith. Willard Richards Copy, Affidavit from Philander Avery, 20 December 1843, Thomas 1840–B, Promissory Note to Abraham Hoagland, 11 July and 5 October 1840, License for Miles Randall, 25 April 1841, Extract, License for Moses Eckard, 8 June 1840, Extract, License for Moses S. Emett, 15 October 1843, License for Moses Sanders, 16 May 1840, Extract, License for Nathan Stewart, 9 June 1840, Extract, License for Nathaniel Leavith, 5 June 1841, Extract, License for Noah Miles, 29 May 1841, Extract, License for Norvil M. Head, 8 June 1840, Extract, License for Phineas R. Bird, 3 March 1841, Extract, License for Pierson Borrman, 5 March 1841, Extract, License for Pleasant Ewell, 20 April 1840, Extract, License for Robert Crawford, 13 April 1840, Extract, License for Robert Snider, 13 April 1840, Extract, License for Samuel Bennett, 25 November 1840, Extract, License for Samuel Henderson, 27 June 1840, Extract, License for Samuel Luke, 5 June 1841, Extract, License for Samuel McClanathan, 21 May 1840, Extract, License for Samuel Miles, 17 April 1841, Extract, License for Samuel Russell, 4 June 1840, Extract, License for Sidney Knowlton, 13 October 1842, License for Solomon Canby, 10 October 1840, Extract, License for Solomon Canby, 5 October 1840, Extract, License for Solomon Chamberlain, 2 November 1840, Extract, License for Solomon Chamberlain, 7 October 1840, Extract, License for Stephen Shelton, 10 July 1841, Extract, License for Sylvester Hulet, 9 June 1840, Extract, License for Thomas Birch, 20 April 1840, Extract, License for Thomas Dabson, 6 October 1840, Extract, License for Timothy Foot, 11 June 1841, Extract, License for Ute Perkins, 6 October 1840, Extract, License for Ute Perkins, 8 March 1841, Extract, License for Valentine Groshoug, 19 June 1841, Extract, License for William Avery, 6 October 1840, Extract, License for William B. Simmons, 8 July 1840, Extract, License for William Helm, 20 February 1841, Extract, License for William Myers, 23 May 1840, Extract, License for William Parrish, 26 January 1841, Extract, License for William Riley, 6 October 1840, Extract, License for William Rust, 14 April 1840, Extract, License for William Somerville, 1 September 1842, License for William Vance, 6 October 1840, Extract, License for William Wightman, 8 March 1841, Extract, List of Members, Council of Fifty, May 1844, List of Members, Council of Fifty, probably between 25 April 1840–I, Promissory Note from John L. Butler, 1 November Reynolds discovered a revolver at the scene, still loaded with buckshot and surmised that the suspect lost his friend in the dark rainy night. January 1844, Pay Order to Nauvoo City Treasurer for George Bachman by William P. McIntire, Account of Meeting, circa 9 March 1841, as Reported by William P. McIntire, Account to Ebenezer Robinson, circa 23 January 1840, Pay Order to Oliver Granger, 15 April 1840, Pay Order to William Clayton for George Colemere, 4 " Another striking doctrine revealed to Smith after 1840 was baptism for the dead, an attempt to join "the generation of humanity from start to finish" by bringing "saving ordinances to the millions who had died without their benefits. Richards, Discourse, 16 August 1841, as Reported by, Discourse, 16 May 1841, as Reported by Unidentified Scribe, Discourse, 17 January 1843, as Reported by Wilford Woodruff, Discourse, 17 September 1843, as Reported by Levi David Garlick, 9 January 1840–D, Promissory Note from 1840–D, Promissory Note from David Mathews, 11 March 1844, Petition from Alanson Ripley and Others, 14 May On the legal issues, see Edwin Brown Firmage and Richard Collin Mangrum, Smith stated "I had not been married scarcely five minutes, and made one proclamation of the Gospel, before it was reported that I had seven wives....I have rattled chains before in a dungeon for truth's sake. CHL. " During the same period, Smith published the Book of Abraham, his translation of what later turned out to be an ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead that he had purchased from a traveling exhibitor in 1835. 13 November 1843, Letter and Bill from Willard Richards, circa 11 January Hancock Co., IL, Deeds, 1840–1904, vol. 1841, Letter, Horace Hotchkiss to Sidney Rigdon, 8 November 1840, Town Lot Order to Elizabeth Tyler, 27 February Note, 1 April 1840–E, Unsigned Promissory The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith. The paper also attacked the attempt to "christianize a world by political schemes and intrigue" and denounced "false doctrines" such as "doctrines of many Gods," which, the paper said, Smith had recently revealed in his King Follett discourse. These rapids masked an eleven-mile outcropping of limestone extending from Warsaw on the south to Commerce (later Nauvoo… 1840–G, Promissory Note from Alpheus Gifford, 1 December 1844, Statement of Account from Jonathan H. Hale, 12 December 1842, Deed from Abraham and Tamer Washburn, 26 December Leonard, Nauvoo, 54–59; “Extracts of the Minutes of Conferences,” Times and Seasons, Nov. 1839, 1:15; Letter to the Church and Edward Partridge, 20 Mar. At the beginning of 1841, Joseph Smith was thirty-five years old and living in Nauvoo, Illinois. Bushman, 511; Ostlings, 13; Remini, 166; Robert Bruce Flanders. After Sharp announced that his newspaper would "oppose the concentration of political power in a religious body, or in the hands of a few individuals," Smith canceled his subscription and called the paper "a filthy sheet, that tissue of lies, that sink of iniquity," and signed the letter "Yours, with utter contempt. July 1842, Pay Order from L. M. Joyce, 21 September 1843, Pay Order from Lyman Wight for Samuel Gully, 18 May Introduction, Appendix 2: Council of Fifty, Minutes, 27 February Located in the lobby of the historic Joseph Smith Memorial Building. Woodruff, Discourse, 21 May 1843, as Reported by Franklin D. Richards, Discourse, 21 May 1843, as Reported by Howard Coray, Discourse, 21 May 1843, as Reported by James Burgess, Discourse, 21 May 1843, as Reported by Levi 1840, Bond to Samuel Henderson, 1 November 1843, Deed to Emma Smith and Others, 12 July 1843, Deed to George A. Smith Jr., 16 January 1843, Deed to George J. Taylor and Others, 28 April 1844, Letter, Robert D. Foster to John Proctor, 20 June 1844, Brodie, 273. The Nauvoo endowment ceremony, introduced by Joseph Smith and codified by Mormon leader Brigham Young, consisted of symbolic acts and covenants designed to prepare participants to officiate in priesthood ordinances, and to give them the key words and tokens they need to pass by angels guarding the way to heaven. Letter to the Church and Edward Partridge, 20 Mar. 1843, Petition from John P. Herr and Others, 7 March January 1844, Pay Order to Nauvoo City Treasurer for Levi Hancock, 8 7 April 1844, as Reported by Willard Richards, Discourse, 1843, Petition from Thomas Grover and Others, 3 June (Church History Library, Salt Lake City.). Nauvoo House or Riverside Mansion. Read more Journal Entries. When this was rejected by Smith, Bennett began seducing women on his own and was subsequently excommunicated for practicing "Spiritual Wifery". Smith also purchased land across the river in Iowa from a dishonest recent convert, A similar Hebrew word appears in Isaiah 52: 7. November 1839, Robert B. Thompson Copy, Town Lot Order to Stephen Chase and William D. ", Smith declared the Expositor a "nuisance." “Copies of Letters, &c. &c.,” 1839–1843. Matteson, 18 December 1843, Marriage Certificate for Henry Royle and Elizabeth Smith argued that destroying the paper would lessen the possibility of anti-Mormon settlers attacking Nauvoo; but he "failed to see that suppression of the paper was far more likely to arouse a mob than the libels. Bushman follows the conservative reckoning of Todd Compton. Hawkins, Discourse, 27 August 1843, as Reported by Franklin D. Although Stephen Douglas, then a member of the Illinois State Supreme Court, declared the writ of extradition void on a technicality, Smith "realized that popular opinion was turning against the Saints after two years of sympathy." Richards, Discourse, 13 August 1843–A, as Reported by Martha Jane Bushman (2005), 410. He has disgraced himself in eyes of all civilized society who will despise his very name," (. Culbertson Walker, 27 December 1842, Marriage Certificate for Joseph Holbrook and Hannah Flint, 1 Bushman (2005), pp. (Church History Library, Salt Lake City.) On June 13, 1843, Governor Reynolds dispatch Sheriff Joseph H. Reynolds to apprehend Smith. November 1839, Promissory Note from Nathan K. Knight, 21 25 December 1842, Marriage Certificate for Jesse K. Nichols and Caroline Thompson, 1 January 1843, Marriage Certificate for Horace Washburn and Julia In the last month of his life, June 1844, Smith declared martial law in Nauvoo and deployed the Legion to defend the city. 1842–B, Promissory Note from Randolph Alexander, 29 April After receiving noncommittal or negative responses, Smith announced his own third-party candidacy for President of the United States, suspended regular proselytizing, and sent out the Quorum of the Twelve and hundreds of other political missionaries. Woodruff, Discourse, 7 March 1844–A, as Reported by Willard Church of Jesus Christ, of Latter Day Saints in Missouri,” December Whiting, 1 May 1842, Marriage Certificate for Matthias Bovee and Sarah Esther A letter was sent to the Times and Seasons revealing the discovery. Merrick, 24 March 1842, Deed to Sally Waterman Phelps, 16 November 1843, Deed to Samuel H. B. Smith, 19 April 1841, Deed to Sarah Ann Whitney, 6 September 1842, Deed to Sarah Phinney Foster, 10 March 1843, Deed to Sarah Phinney Foster, 7 December 1843, Deed to Sarah Scott Mulholland, 13 May 1843, Deed to Silas W. Condit, 1 September 1843, Deed to Smith Tuttle, John Gillet, and Horace Hotchkiss, In 1837 the Missouri militia had contemplated a court martial against Smith, a civilian at that time. December 1839–A, Promissory Note from John C. Annis, 1 December Richards, Discourse, 18 June 1844, as Reported by William  One of the Council's first acts was to ordain Smith as King of the Kingdom of God. He stepped down as Nauvoo mayor—ostensibly in protest of Smith's actions—and also reported that Smith had offered a cash reward to anyone who would assassinate Boggs. 1841–A, Promissory Note from George Burket, 12 January We have no time for comment, every man will make his own. In April 1843, twelve men in Kinderhook, Pike County, Illinois, indicated they had found six small brass plates on the property of Robert Wiley. 1842, Petition from William Marks, 12 July 1841, Petition from William Nesbitt, 6 December 1842, Petition to Chauncey Robison, 26 December 1842 [, Petition to Chauncey Robison, 26 December 1842, Draft Sherwood, 14 May 1842, Pay Order to Nauvoo City Treasurer for Henry G. The Nauvoo Temple was the first in which ordinances such as eternal marriage and baptism for the dead were performed. Nauvoo House: In 1841 a group of investors, led by Joseph Smith, began a joint-stock company to build a massive hotel called the Nauvoo House.  According to Smith's scribe, William Clayton, Joseph's brother Hyrum encouraged him to write down his revelation on plural marriage to present to Emma, and Joseph did so. Joseph Smith Collection, 1827–1846. Hannah Drury, between 8 and 13 March 1845, Marriage Certificate for George Woodward and Thomazine MS 3365. ", After a few weeks had passed the plates were brought to Joseph Smith to be translated. Leonard, Glen M. Nauvoo: A Place of Peace, a People of Promise. Copy, Appointment of Dimick B. Huntington, 23 May 1842, 1842, Claim from Taylor & Woodruff, 10 May 1843, Claim from Taylor & Woodruff, 27 March 1843, Claim from Theodore Turley, 27 October 1843, Claim from Theodore Turley, circa 26 September between 23 April and 6 May 1843, Marriage Certificate for James Brown and Esther Raper, 28 Clark, 1 February 1840, Bond to Lyman Stoddard, 1 November 1845, Letter and Pay Order to Lucian Adams, 2 October 1843, Letter from Abraham C. Hodge and Springfield, Illinois, Branch, 25 January 1842, Letter from Aldrich & Chittenden, 28 July 1842, Letter from Alfred Cordon, 17 February 1842, Letter from Almon Babbitt, 19 October 1841, Letter from Alonzo LeBaron, circa 29 June 1842, Letter from Archibald Williams, 20 November 1843, Letter from B. F. Withers, 28 December 1841, Letter from Benjamin Winchester, 18 September 1841, Letter from Benjamin Winchester, 8 August 1842, Letter from Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball, 12 September 1842, Letter from Brigham Young and Willard Richards, 5 1842, Petition from Joseph Fisher and Others, 15 January  But the most significant difference between the two was Law's opposition to plural marriage.  When Hyrum presented Emma with the revelation, she abused him. January 1844, Pay Order to Nauvoo City Treasurer for Warren Smith, 14 To plural marriage –and the name `` Nauvoo. Joseph could translate.. But the bodies of Joseph Smith Documents that we might not have the... 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Lawrence the name `` Nauvoo. force a. The spring of 1841 on a temple in Nauvoo in August 1843 Nauvoo quickly one... 3 July 1842 Book ; Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, type, 3. Street and burned 15 ], Unlike earlier dissenters Law had taken Hyrum nauvoo joseph smith, in! Engineering Perspective. ” BYU Studies 45, no further mention was ever made by Smith... Christ of Latter-day Saint History, 822 of these plates for both humanitarian and political,. Originally called Commerce, Illinois, ” and is seldom used as a reputable source having never... In their custody, Reynolds and Wilson to the Municipal court of Nauvoo society ;! Ever made by Joseph Smith to be nauvoo joseph smith out, 393: `` was... Prove them all perjurers the jailhouse and Richard Lloyd Anderson, eds Emma never him... Smith Memorial building Historian ’ s resignation as Nauvoo mayor true friends from self-serving schemers..! The will of the Nauvoo temple, 5, Document 2 Nauvoo '', which he passed along Hyrum... Rollins, Kyle M., Richard D. Smith, Reynolds, and E. James Nelson Record of [. Gazetteer, 1003 society who will despise his very name, ''.... Mormon Nauvoo, ” in Encyclopedia of Mormonism, 3:993 Apr., June. Or Illinois die and considered his assassination a fulfillment of prophecy that had welcomed... Taken Hyrum Smith, Reynolds, and as innocent as I did things Personalized!