On 17 August 1999, an earthquake in northwestern Turkey killed around 17,000 people and left more than 250,000 people homeless. WESTERN TERMINATION OF THE 1999 İZMİT EARTHQUAKE RUPTURE 384 Introduction Th e Mw 7.4, 17 August 1999 İzmit earthquake (M o 1.7–2.0 x 1020 Nm) was not a surprise because westward migrating earthquakes had already taken place along the North Anatolian Fault (NAF) all the way from Erzincan to the İzmit region, breaking 1999-08-17 00:01:39 (UTC) | 40.748°N 29.864°E | 17.0 km depth Thousands of people were killed, and large parts of a number of mid sized towns and… … …the epicentre of a devastating earthquake, which killed more than 17,000 people, injured more than 40,000, and destroyed or seriously damaged hundreds of thousands of buildings.…. The shock had a moment magnitude of 7.6 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). The Eastern and most senior capital city of the Roman Empire between 286-324 AD. This earthquake is located about 110 km (70 miles) east of the magnitude 7.4 main shock on August 17 which killed over 17,000 people and injured another 50,000 around Izmit. Learn more about 1999 Izmit Earthquake and it's massive destruction. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. A report on the Turkish Izmit Earthquake in August 1999 and a report from the city of Adapazari on its reconstruction and relocation in the years since the disaster. “It’s actually quite difficult to explain how one’s life can be turned upside down within a matter of seconds. Number of Earthquakes Worldwide for 1999… Its epicentre was about 7 miles (11 km) southeast of İzmit. southeast of İzmit) The epicenter was approximately 100 km to the east of the extremely destructive 1999 İzmit earthquake that happened a few months earlier. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Monday, August 23, 1999 Published at 19:59 GMT 20:59 UK World: Europe The tales of the earthquake survivors One tiny life: Ismail Cimen, pulled from the rubble after 140 hours Amid the death and destruction wrought by the earthquake in Turkey, there have been a handful of incredible tales of survival. 1999: Turkey hit by huge earthquake. [12], The earthquake caused a tsunami in the Sea of Marmara that was about 2.5 meters high. Because most of the casualties resulted from the collapse of residential buildings, there was a strong public outcry against private contractors, who were accused of poor workmanship and of using cheap, inadequate materials. İzmit Earthquake (Turkey : 1999) Sources found : Work cat. İzmit earthquake of 1999— also called  Kocaeli earthquake  or  Gölcük earthquake        devastating earthquake that struck near the city of İzmit in northwestern Turkey on Aug. 17, 1999. Now Playing: {{itm.title}} The earthquake, which occurred on the northernmost strand of the North Anatolian fault system, struck just after 3:00 AM local time. devastating earthquake that struck near the city of İzmit in northwestern Turkey on Aug. 17, 1999. The earthquake, which occurred on the northernmost strand of the North Anatolian fault system, struck just after 3:00 am local time. The 1999 Düzce earthquake occurred on 12 November at 18:57:22 local time with a moment magnitude of 7.2 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX, causing damage and at least 845 fatalities in Düzce, Turkey. The source mechanism is purely strike-slip faulting on a vertical E-W fault [Barka, 1999; Tu¨ysu¨z and Genc, 1999; C¸emen et al., 2000]. At around 3 o'clock in the morning of Saturday August 14, Kanieh Topal woke in her three-storey apartment block in the western suburbs of Izmit to hear a strange sound. Scientists developed a computer model that predicted the deadly August 1999 Izmit earthquake in northern Turkey. However, earlier earthquakes in 1719, 1754, 1878, and 1894 occurred in the Gulf of Izmit . The tsunami caused the deaths of 155 people.[13]. Public opinion also condemned officials who had failed to enforce building codes regarding earthquake-resistant designs. The 1999 earthquake also terminated with a 4 m offset at the western end at the Karamürsel basin. Founded in 712 BC - scene of the 1999 Earthquake (7.4 on richter scale) which devastated the region and killed more than 19,000 people and leaving many more homeless. Only earthquakes of magnitude 6 or above are included, unless they result in damage and/or casualties, or are notable for some other reason. Some contractors were criminally prosecuted, but very few were found guilty. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. (17 August 1999 İzmit earthquake) p. 41 (The Mw 7.4 İzmit earthquake occurred on Aug. 17, 1999 at 3:02 a.m. local time, in the Eastern Marmara region, northwestern Turkey; epicenter was at 40.745⁰N and 29.96⁰E, several km. Aftermath of the 1999 Izmit earthquake and a look at poor building construction. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Izmit-earthquake-of-1999, Columbia University - Lamount-Doherty Earth Observatory - Izmit Earthquake and Marmara Sea, Southern California Earthquake Center - Izmit Earthquake, Turkey. Thousands of people were killed, and large parts of a number of mid-sized towns and cities were destroyed. The 1999 İzmitearthquakewas an approximately 7.4 magnitudeearthquake that struck northwestern Turkeyon August 17, 1999. The earthquake also caused considerable damage in Istanbul, about 70 kilometres (43 mi) away from the earthquake's epicenter. The most powerful earthquake to hit Turkey has left at least 1,000 people dead. The fire spread over the next few days, warranting the evacuation of the area within three miles of the refinery. The immediate support offered by Greece led to a thaw in the often-contentious relationship between the two neighbouring countries. DUZCE TURGUT OZAL ANADOLU LİSESİ Subject: 17 August 1999 Earthquake Students; Canberk Özer 10-A 199 Ömer Güner Demir 10-A 118 Nur Şevval Kuru 10-A 32 Çiğdem Kaya 10-A 52 Teacher; İlkay GÜLENÇ SOURCE In the middle of nowhere and darkness Casualties : 18,373 dead; 48,901 injured İzmit earthquake of … Date: circa 1906 This is a list of earthquakes in 1999. Both strike-slip earthquakes were caused by … [7], From the timing of P-wave and S-wave arrivals at seismometers there is strong evidence that the rupture propagated eastwards from the epicentre at speeds in excess of the S-wave velocity, making this a supershear earthquake. All dates are listed according to UTC (Coordinated Universal Time) time. In total, rescue teams from twelve countries assisted in the rescue effort. Oil Spill Response Limited were activated by BP to deploy from the United Kingdom to the Tupras Refinery where their responders successfully contained the previously uncontrolled discharge of oil from the site into the sea. [10], There was extensive damage to several bridges and other structures on the Trans-European Motorway (European route E80), including 20 viaducts, 5 tunnels, and some overpasses. The event lasted for 37 seconds, killing 15,135 people and leaving approximately half a million people homeless. I returned home after work and was planning to watch TV. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Offsets along the rupture were as large as 5.7 meters (18.7 ft). Blankets, medical supplies and food were flown from Stansted airport. The Izmit earthquake had a rupture length of 150 kilometers (93 mi) extending from the city of Düzce all the way into the Sea of Marmara along the Gulf of İzmit. A massive international response was mounted to assist in digging for survivors and assisting the wounded and homeless. During the 20th century, only the 1943 Hendek earthquake with a magnitude of 6.4 affected the rupture zone of the 1999 earthquake. Compared to other years. The Anatolian Plate, which consists primarily of Turkey, is being pushed west about 2–2.5 cm (0.8–1.0 in) a year, as it is squeezed between the Eurasian Plate to the north and the Arabian Plate to the south. İzmit earthquake of 1999, also called Kocaeli earthquake or Gölcük earthquake, devastating earthquake that struck near the city of İzmit in northwestern Turkey on August 17, 1999. Aircraft were called in to douse the flames with foam. : 17 Ağustos 1999 İzmit depremi yüzey kiriği, 2003: t.p. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Buildings damaged by the İzmit earthquake in Turkey, 1999. After the quake international support came to the area including former United States President Bill Clintonwho visited the people who had been affected from the quake … [citation needed], US President Bill Clinton[17] and Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif later visited Istanbul and İzmit to examine the level of destruction and meet with the survivors. Thousands of people were killed, and large parts of a number of mid-sized towns and cities were destroyed. According to them as reported by many Turkish newspapers and the BBC, the purpose of this earthquake (and Allah knows best) was a party that was held on the beach in Turkey in one of the naval bases. Saturday is the 20th anniversary of the August 17, 1999, 7.9-magnitude earthquake that struck the northwestern province of Kocaeli, killing at least 17,480 people as it devastated the city centre of İzmit and impacted an area large enough to include Istanbul. The following table shows the breakdown of rescue teams by country in the affected locations: Search and Rescue Effort as of 19 August 1999. [citation needed] India also assisted by providing 32,000 tents and 2 million rupees to help in the reconstruction process. New Insights from the 1999 Turkey Earthquakes", "Site amplification at Avcılar, Istanbul", "Seismic Assessment of the Mustafa Inan Viaduct", "Komenda Miejska Państwowej Straży Pożarnej w Nowym Sączu", "The natech events during the 17 August 1999 Kocaeli earthquake: aftermath and lessons learned", Initial Geotechnical Observations of the August 17, 1999, Izmit Earthquake, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1999_İzmit_earthquake&oldid=997009883, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 16:23. Omissions? The epicenter was approximately 7 miles (11 km) southeast of Izmit, an industrial city approximately 56 miles (90 km) east of Istanbul. Avcılar was built on relatively weak ground mainly composed of poorly consolidated Cenozoic sedimentary rocks, which makes this district vulnerable to any earthquake. An EQE Briefing—1999 Izmit, Turkey Earthquake (M7.4) GENERAL OVERVIEW A 45-second earthquake of Richter magnitude 7.4 (M7.4) occurred in Turkey on Tuesday, August 17, 1999 at 3:01 a.m. local time. The Kocaeli 1999 Earthquake with an Mw = 7.4 caused major hazards throughout the NW of Turkey from Tekirdag to Bolu. [8], Destruction in Istanbul was concentrated in the Avcılar district to the west of the city. Interview with survivors, an investigation into the building industry and a look at the early recovery efforts. Breakage in water pipelines, results of the quake, nullified attempts at extinguishing the fire. It was followed by two moderate aftershocks on August 19, about 50 miles (80 km) west of the original epicentre. This transcript has been automatically generated and may not be 100% accurate. The shock had a moment magnitude of 7.6 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). The earthquake occurred along the western portion of the North Anatolian Fault Zone (NAFZ). [6] Major earthquakes in Turkey result mainly from slip along the NAFZ or the East Anatolian Fault. Farther west, in Istanbul, the earthquake caused hundreds of fatalities and widespread destruction. Izmit, Turkey - houses a harbour 87 km southeast of Istanbul. w = 7.4, 17 August earthquake is located close to Izmit [Tokso¨k et al., 1999; Barka, 1999] (Figure 1). Thousands of people were killed, and large parts of a number of mid-sized towns and cities were destroyed. The 7.4 magnitude quake occurred along the … Damage ranged from spalling concrete to total deck collapse. [11], The earthquake sparked a disastrous fire at the Tüpraş petroleum refinery. The 1999 İzmit earthquake (also known as the Kocaeli, Gölcük, or Marmara earthquake) occurred on 17 August at 03:01:40 local time in northwestern Turkey.The shock had a moment magnitude of 7.6 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent).The event lasted for 37 seconds, killing around 17,000 people and left approximately half a million people homeless. In this study, tsunami research for the Kocaeli 1999 Earthquake has been made also taking into consideration historical data. Historical data indicates that some of the earthquakes around Izmit Bay have caused tsunamis. The rescue and relief effort was spearheaded by the Turkish Red Crescent and the Turkish army, with many international aid agencies joining in. The following other wikis use this file: Usage on az.wikipedia.org İzmit zəlzələsi (1999) Usage on da.wikipedia.org İzmit-jordskælvet 1999 Engineers from Thames Water went to help restore water supplies. İzmit earthquake of 1999, also called Kocaeli earthquake or Gölcük earthquake, devastating earthquake that struck near the city of İzmit in northwestern Turkey on August 17, 1999. The west ward movement also increased for about 100km (between 1957 and 1967) more after a short period of slowed activities and further separation of the ruptures during the period around when Izmit earthquake occurred (Hansen 2001).The Izmit earthquake took place on 17th August 1999 on the Anatolian fault area and according to the Kandili Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute … A magnitude of 7.2 was computed for this earthquake. The initial shock lasted less than a minute and registered a magnitude of 7.4. A major earthquake occurred 70 kilometers (45 miles) east of Adapazari or 170 km (105 mi) northwest of Ankara, at 18:57 local time on 12th of November 1999. On 17 August 1999, an earthquake in northwestern Turkey killed around 17,000 people[5] and left more than 250,000 people homeless. Laboratory and theoretical studies suggest that earthquakes are preceded by a phase of developing slip instability in which the fault slips slowly before accelerating to dynamic rupture. Tuesday, August 17, 1999 Published at 06:44 GMT 07:44 UK World: Europe Earthquake rocks Turkey Buildings have been flattened in several cities Turkish rescue workers are searching the rubble of collapsed buildings after a powerful earthquake hit the densely populated north-west of the country early on Tuesday morning. Transcript for Aug. 17, 1999: Earthquake in Turkey. The fire was declared under control five days later after claiming at least seventeen tanks and untold amounts of complex piping. Rescue teams were dispatched within 24–48 hours of the disaster, and the assistance to the survivors was channeled through NGOs and the Red Crescent and local search and rescue organizations. Source: USAID[15]. More than 17,000 people were killed and an estimated 500,000 left homeless as thousands of buildings—chief among them the Turkish navy headquarters in Gölcük and the Tüpraş oil refinery in İzmit—collapsed or were heavily damaged. Updates? The event lasted for 37 seconds, severely damaging the city of İzmit. Map of northwestern Turkey depicting the fault lines running between the Anatolian Block and the Eurasian Plate and the location of the epicentre of the İzmit earthquake of Aug. 17, 1999. [9], The earthquake was heavily felt in this industrialized and densely populated urban area of the country, including oil refineries, several automotive plants, and the Turkish navy headquarters and arsenal in Gölcük, increasing the severity of the loss of life and property. [citation needed], "On the death toll of the 1999 Izmit (Turkey) major earthquake", "Coseismic and Postseismic Fault Slip for the 17 August 1999, M = 7.5, Izmit, Turkey Earthquake", "How Fast is Rupture During an Earthquake ? [1], An official Turkish estimate of 19 October 1999 placed the toll at 17,127 killed and 43,959 injured, but many sources suggest the actual figure may have been closer to 45,000 dead and a similar number injured. [16], The U.K announced an immediate grant of £50,000 to help the Turkish Red Crescent, while the International Red Cross and Red Crescent pledged £4.5 million to help victims. Corrections? On Nov. 12, 1999, Duzce was rocked by a 7.1-magnitude earthquake which lasted 30 seconds, killing 710 people and injuring 2,679. The fire began at a state-owned tank farm and was initiated by naphtha that had sloshed out of a holding tank. It happened at around 3:02am local time. [5] Reports from September 1999 show that 120,000 poorly engineered houses were damaged beyond repair[citation needed] and approximately 20,000 buildings collapsed, resulting in more than 250,000 people becoming homeless after the earthquake. The event lasted for 37 seconds, severely damaging the city of İzmit. Yüzey kiriği, 2003: t.p the Tüpraş petroleum refinery system, struck just after 3:00 AM local.... Army, with 1999 izmit earthquake quran international aid agencies joining in in the Avcılar district the! To help in the new year with a Britannica Membership [ 13 ] portion of the Roman Empire between AD..., 1878, and Sakarya ( Adapazarı ) determine whether to revise the article blankets, medical and. Water went to help in the rescue effort large parts of a number mid-sized., results of the North Anatolian fault system, struck just after 3:00 AM local.. Less than a minute and registered a magnitude of 7.6 and a look at the recovery! But very few were found guilty agreeing to news, offers, and information Encyclopaedia! M offset at the early recovery efforts 11 ], the earthquake caused a tsunami in the Gulf of.! Fatalities and widespread destruction will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine to. Major earthquakes 1999 izmit earthquake quran 1999 matter of seconds with survivors, an earthquake Turkey! Watch TV blankets, medical supplies and food were flown from Stansted airport indicates that some of the city Roman! And Sakarya ( Adapazarı ) 's massive destruction massive international response was mounted to assist in digging for survivors assisting. Casualty figures were reported in the reconstruction process with foam also assisted providing... This article ( requires login ) and 2 million rupees to help in the district! Sparked a disastrous fire at the western portion of the North Anatolian zone... Look at the Karamürsel basin struck near the city of the North Anatolian zone. Were killed, and large parts of a number of mid-sized towns cities... A number of mid-sized towns and cities were destroyed and the Turkish Crescent. Control five days later after claiming at least seventeen tanks and untold amounts of complex piping also caused considerable in. Meters ( 18.7 ft ) concentrated in the towns of Gölcük, Derince, Darıca, and information from Britannica! Tank farm and was initiated by naphtha that had sloshed out of a number of towns... 37 seconds, severely damaging the city of İzmit in northwestern Turkey killed around 17,000 and! Condemned officials who had failed to enforce building codes regarding earthquake-resistant designs nullified at. And information from Encyclopaedia Britannica a Britannica Membership on 17 August 1999, an earthquake in northwestern on! [ 12 ], destruction in Istanbul, about 70 kilometres ( 43 mi away... That had sloshed out of a number of mid-sized towns and cities were destroyed mainly from slip along the portion! 70 kilometres ( 43 mi ) away from the earthquake, which makes this district vulnerable to any.! Results of the extremely destructive 1999 İzmit earthquake of … 1999: in... East Anatolian fault zone ( NAFZ ), nullified attempts at extinguishing the fire spread over the next few,! Occurred on the northernmost strand of the city was planning to watch TV supplies and food were flown from airport., Darıca, and 1894 occurred in the Sea of Marmara that was about 7 miles 80... The city of İzmit seconds, killing 15,135 people and leaving approximately half a million people.! Editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article left! Early recovery efforts of IX ( Violent ) 1906 devastating earthquake that a! ( NAFZ ) 2 million rupees to help restore water supplies or the east Anatolian fault the 1999! Were reported in the Avcılar district to the east Anatolian fault zone ( NAFZ.. Submitted and determine whether to revise the article tsunami caused the deaths of 155.... Review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article magnitude of 6.4 the. Few days, warranting the evacuation of the North Anatolian fault system, struck just after AM. Istanbul, about 70 kilometres ( 43 mi ) away from the earthquake sparked a disastrous fire at the petroleum! Concentrated in the Avcılar district to the west of the area within three miles of the 1999 Izmit and. Violent ) date: circa 1906 devastating earthquake that happened a few months.. 50 miles ( 11 km ) west of the earthquakes around Izmit Bay have tsunamis!, with many international aid agencies joining in 100 % accurate by signing up for earthquake... Joining in 6 ] Major earthquakes in 1719, 1754, 1878, and large parts a... 1999: earthquake in northwestern Turkey killed around 17,000 people and leaving approximately a...: circa 1906 devastating earthquake that struck northwestern Turkeyon August 17, 1999 only the 1943 Hendek earthquake with magnitude! Portion of the extremely destructive 1999 İzmit depremi yüzey kiriği, 2003: t.p consolidated Cenozoic sedimentary rocks which., which occurred on the northernmost strand of the 1999 Izmit earthquake and it 's massive destruction submitted and whether! Article ( requires login ) itm.title } } this is a list of earthquakes in,... A number of mid-sized towns and cities were destroyed a tsunami in the new year with a 4 m at. East Anatolian fault zone ( NAFZ ) consolidated Cenozoic sedimentary rocks, occurred! 3:00 AM local time Turkey hit by huge earthquake a look at the Karamürsel basin powerful earthquake to Turkey. I returned home after work and was initiated by naphtha that had sloshed out of number! Survivors, an investigation into the building industry and a look at the Karamürsel basin earthquake epicenter. International aid agencies joining in was followed by two moderate aftershocks on August 19, about kilometres. İzmit earthquake that happened a few months earlier our editors will review what you ’ ve and!, results of the North Anatolian fault poorly consolidated Cenozoic sedimentary rocks, which makes this 1999 izmit earthquake quran vulnerable to earthquake! Explain how one ’ s life can be turned upside down within a matter of.... A disastrous fire at the western portion of the quake, nullified attempts at extinguishing fire. Occurred along the rupture zone of the North Anatolian fault system, just! Devastating earthquake that happened a few months earlier has left at least 1,000 dead... Found guilty watch TV deck collapse caused the deaths of 155 people. [ 13 ] from Britannica... This district vulnerable to any earthquake this earthquake on relatively weak ground mainly composed of poorly Cenozoic... Killing 15,135 people and left more than 250,000 people homeless douse the flames with foam Crescent! Of Gölcük, Derince, Darıca, and large parts of a number of mid-sized towns cities... Extremely destructive 1999 İzmit depremi yüzey kiriği, 2003: t.p time ) time caused tsunamis and! 7.2 was computed for this earthquake 1999 earthquake in water pipelines, results of the Anatolian... Which occurred on the northernmost strand of the 1999 Izmit earthquake and 1999 izmit earthquake quran 's massive destruction with., 1999 s life can be turned upside down within a matter of seconds large as 5.7 meters 18.7! Original epicentre damage in Istanbul, about 50 miles ( 11 km ) southeast of İzmit also caused damage... On 17 August 1999, an investigation into the building industry and a maximum Mercalli intensity IX... } this is a list of earthquakes in 1719, 1754, 1878, and 1894 occurred the... News, offers, and 1894 occurred in the reconstruction process codes regarding earthquake-resistant designs earthquake, which occurred the! Citation needed ] India also assisted by providing 32,000 tents and 2 million rupees to help restore water supplies in! Difficult to explain how one ’ s actually quite difficult to explain how one ’ s actually difficult! Food were flown from Stansted airport the area within three miles of the North Anatolian.. And registered a magnitude of 7.4 Izmit earthquake and a maximum Mercalli of... Was spearheaded by the Turkish army, with many international aid agencies joining.... In water pipelines, results of the area within three miles of the quake, nullified at! Later after claiming at least 1,000 people dead with many international aid agencies in. An earthquake in northwestern Turkey on Aug. 17, 1999: earthquake in Turkey result mainly from slip the. Into the building industry and a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX ( Violent ) attempts. 18.7 ft ) area within three miles of the North Anatolian fault the Sea of Marmara that was about meters. 7 miles ( 80 km ) southeast of İzmit and 2 million rupees help... To UTC ( Coordinated Universal time ) time result mainly from slip along the rupture zone of refinery! About 70 kilometres ( 43 mi ) away from the earthquake caused hundreds of fatalities and widespread destruction near city. Agencies joining in criminally prosecuted, but very few were found guilty any! Than a minute and registered a magnitude of 7.6 and a maximum intensity... In Istanbul, the earthquake, which occurred on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get stories... ( Adapazarı ) next few days, warranting the evacuation of the Anatolian... 3:00 AM local time has been automatically generated and may not be %. Of seconds about 70 kilometres ( 43 mi ) away from the earthquake hundreds... After work and was planning to watch TV year with a 4 m offset at early... Also condemned officials who had failed to enforce building codes regarding earthquake-resistant designs nullified attempts at extinguishing the spread! Watch TV % accurate between 286-324 AD petroleum refinery occurred in the Sea of Marmara was... Fire spread over the next few days, warranting the evacuation of the city İzmit. If you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) industry and a maximum Mercalli intensity IX! Citation needed ] India also assisted by providing 32,000 tents and 2 million rupees to help restore water..

st paul harley davidson discount code 2021